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The Rules > General Refereeing Questions
This is a set of questions from the general section of the county referees exam. In the actual exam only 20 of them will be asked. For this quiz we would ask that you register on the web site and login before you actually do the quiz.
1.    What is fencing time? (t6)
  The time taken to execute a lunge.
  The time taken to execute a lunge.
  C. The length of time of a bout.
2.    What is an attack? (t7)
  It is initiated when the point is in line and the arm is straight, threatening the opponent's target
  It is the action made by straightening the arm to prevent an offensive action arriving.
  C. It is the initial offensive action made by extending the arm and continuously threatening the opponent's target, preceding the launching of a lunge or fleche.
3.    What is a simple attack? (t8)
  The action is simple when it is direct.
  The action is simple when it is executed in one movement.
  The action is simple when it is not delayed.
4.    Name the four types of simple attack?
  Lunge, Fleche, Step Forward, Balestra.
  Lunge, Cut-over, One-two, Double.
  Straight thrust, Disengage, Counter-disengage, Cut-over.
5.    What is a counter-riposte? (t7)
  It is the riposte made with a disengage.
  It is the delayed riposte made by grazing along the opponent's blade.
  It is the offensive action made by the fencer who has parried the riposte.
6.    What are the three renewals of attack? (t8)
  A. Direct, Indirect and Compound Actions.
  Remise. Reprise and Redoublement Actions.
  One-two, Double and Coupe Actions.
7.    What is fencing distance?
  The distance between the two competitors when placed on-guard and is such that, in the on-guard position, with the arms straight and the blades in line, the points of the two blades cannot make contact.
  The maximum distance that a fencer can lunge in order to hit his opponent with a simple attack.
  The distance between the two competitors so that either can hit his opponent with a simple attack.
8.    What is counter time? (t8)
  An attack made on the preparation made by the opponent.
  A stop hit made into the opponent's attack.
  Every action made by the attacker against a stop hit made by the opponent.
9.    What is the length of a piste? (t13)
  12 metres.
  14 metres.
  18 metres.
10.    What is the width of the piste? (t13)
  2.0 metres.
  1.5 metres.
  1.5 - 2.0 metres.
  2.0 - 2.5 metres.
11.    What length of run off should there be at the end of the piste? (t13)
  2.0 metres.
  1.5 metres.
  1.0 - 1.5 metres.
  1.5 - 2.0 metres.
12.    How far apart are the on-guard lines? (t14)
  3.0 metres.
  3.0 - 4.0 metres.
  4.0 metres.
  2.0 metres.
13.    What is the penalty when a fencer crosses the lateral boundary of the piste with one foot? (t28)
  The fencer is not penalised but the referee must immediately call halt.
  The fencer is penalised. When the competitors are replaced on-guard, the opponent will advance one metre from the position that s/he occupied when the fencer committed the infringement.
  The fencer is penalised with a yellow card but only after the referee has first given him/her a friendly warning in the same bout.
14.    What is the penalty when a fencer crosses the lateral boundary with both feet? (t28)
  The fencer is not penalised but the referee must immediately call halt.
  The fencer is penalised with a yellow card.
  The fencer is penalised. When the competitors are replaced on-guard, the opponent will advance one metre from the position that s/he occupied when the fencer committed the infringement.
15.    When is a fencer deemed to have crossed the rear line of the piste and therefore is penalised? (t27)
  With one foot.
  With one foot but with the other lifted in the air.
  With both feet.
16.    What is the penalty for crossing the rear line completely? (t27)
  A hit is scored against him/her.
  A red card and a hit scored against him/her.
  A yellow card.
17.    How much distance should a fencer have to retire from the on-guard line to both feet over the rear line? (t13)
  7 metres.
  5 metres.
  2 metres.
18.    What is the penalty when a fencer crosses on of the boundaries of the piste as the result of an accidental cause? (t29)
  The fencer is penalised. When the competitors are placed on-guard, the opponent will advance one metre from the position that s/he occupied when the fencer committed the infringement.
  The fencer is not penalised but the referee must immediately call halt.
  The fencer is penalised with a yellow card.
19.    What is the effective duration of a bout for 5 hits in a pool or a team match? (t30)
  3 minutes.
  4 minutes.
  5 minutes.
20.    What is the effective duration of a Direct Elimination bout for 15 hits? (t30)
  10 minutes.
  9 minutes.
  6 minutes.
21.    When may a fencer ask how much time is left to fence? (t31)
  Never.
  At any time when fencing is interrupted for some other reason.
  At any time.
22.    At the end of a bout, where the timekeeper has called halt, a hit is scored which arrives after the call. When should the referee award the hit? (t32)
  Never.
  When the action was started before the halt, i.e. the hit was made coup lancé.
  When not to do so would cause the bout to end in a draw.
23.    At the end of a pool bout, the scores are level. How is the bout terminated? (o17)
  The fencers fence for a deciding hit without a time limit.
  The fencers fence for a deciding hit with a maximum time limit of one minute. Before the fencing recommences, lots are drawn to decide the winner in the event of equality at the end of the extra minute.
  The fencers draw lots to decide the who has won. The result is then scored V4/D4 or V3/D3 or V2/D2 or V1/D1 or V0/D0 whichever is appropriate.
24.    Fencers are put on-guard in which position at the start of each period in a Direct Elimination bout?
  Where they were when the previous period ended.
  Where they choose to start.
  On the on-guard lines.
25.    At the end of a pool of six fencers, five of them are tied with three victories each. Three are to be promoted. Hits for and against are:- A - 21/19, B - 20/18, C - 21/19, D - 21/18, E - 20/20. A beat B & C, B beat C. Who is promoted?
  D, A & C.
  E, A & C.
  D, B & A.
  D, B & the winner of a barrage between A & C.
26.    At the end of a pool of six fencers, five of them are tied with two victories each. One fencer (A) has five victories. The indicators are:- A - 1.0 - 25/0, B - 0.4 - 14/22, C - 0.4 - 15/21, D - 0.4 - 15/19, E - 0.4 - 16/20, F - 0.4 - 15/18. What are the final placings in the pool? (o19)
  A,B,C,D,E,F.
  A,F,D,E,C,B.
  A,F,E,D,C,B.
27.    What happens to the scores in a pool when a fencer withdraws or is excluded? (o20)
  The indicators are calculated in the normal way but assuming that all those that had not fenced the excluded/withdrawn fencer won those bouts V5/D0.
  The fencerís results are annulled as if s/he had not taken part.
  The pool results are split between those that had fenced the excluded/withdrawn fencer and those that had not and the promotions/positions are calculated on the split results.
28.    During a team match a competitor is obliged to retire as the result of an accident. What happens? (o44)
  The named reserve may continue the match at the point in the bout where the competitor was obliged to retire.
  The bout in progress is lost but the reserve may take over the retired competitor's remaining bouts.
  The bout in progress and those remaining to that competitor are effectively lost.
29.    During a team match, a competitor is excluded. What happens? (o44)
  The team in which the excluded fencer was a member, loses the match.
  The bout in progress and those remaining to that competitor are effectively lost.
  The bout in progress is lost but the named reserve may take over the excluded competitor's remaining bouts.
30.    When is close quarter fencing allowed? (t19)
  Never.
  It is allowed until a hit is scored.
  It is allowed provided the referee can follow the phrase.
31.    A fencer is injured during a bout. The duty doctor confirms the injury. What is the maximum time that the fencer may take for treatment? (t33)
32.    A fencer has an accident in the course of a bout which is properly attested by the doctor on duty. The referee allows a break which is timed from: (t33)
  10 minutes.
  5 minutes.
  As long as it takes the doctor to treat the injury and for the fencer to recuperate.
33.    During a bout a fencer appears distressed. S/he complains of cramp. The referee:
  may allow a ten minute break.
  may allow a ten minute break only if the duty doctor confirms the indisposition.
  should instruct the fencer to continue fencing.
34.    The gauntlet of the glove must, in all circumstances: (m25)
  fully cover approximately half the forearm.
  overlap the sleeve by 10 cm.
  be tucked inside the sleeve.
35.    The bib on the mask must extend to protect the neck for: (app.2.2.4.3)
  8.0 - 10.0 cm.
  8.0 - 12.0 cm.
  10.00 - 12.0 cm.
36.    The lower edge of the jacket must overlap the breeches by: (m25)
  at least 10.0 cm in all circumstances.
  at least 10.0 cm when the fencer is in the on-guard position.
  no fixed distance but must overlap the breeches in all circumstances.
37.    A fencer has received no warning but during the bout it comes to light that s/he is not wearing a plastron. S/he is wearing an 800 Newton FIE jacket. What should the referee do?
  Issue a yellow card and tell the fencer to put on a plastron.
  Do nothing as the fencer is wearing an 800 Newton FIE jacket.
  Issue a yellow card and continue the bout.
38.    A fencer has received no warning. During the bout s/he changes his/her weapon. The new weapon fails the referee's control, s/he receives:
  A yellow card valid for the pool.
  A yellow card valid for the bout.
  A red card.
39.    Apart from the warning cards, what else must the referee do with equipment which does not conform to the rules?
  Confiscate it.
  Arrange for it to be repair by the armourer.
  Give it back to the fencer with the instruction not to use it.
40.    A fencer presents on the piste with two weapons but only one bodywire. The referee should give:
  A yellow card.
  A friendly warning.
  A red card.
41.    May the collar on the jacket be undone whilst the competitor is fencing?
  Yes, the collar may be undone if covered by the bib of the mask.
  Yes, any part of the jacket covered by the bib of the mask or a conductive over jacket may be open.
  No.
42.    A fencer has received a yellow card in a previous bout. S/he then commits a second first group offence. What is the penalty?
  A yellow card.
  A red card and a hit is taken from his/her score.
  A red card and a hit is awarded to the opponent.
43.    A fencer has received a yellow card in the current bout. S/he then commits a second first group offence. What is the penalty?
  A second yellow card.
  A red card and a hit is awarded to the opponent.
  A red card and a hit is taken from his/her score.
44.    A fencer has received a red card in the current bout. S/he then commits a first group offence. What is the penalty?
  A second red card with a hit awarded to the opponent.
  A yellow card.
  A yellow card with a hit awarded to the opponent.
45.    A fencer has received two red cards in the current bout. S/he then commits a third, second group offence. What is the penalty?
  A black card.
  A third red card.
  A warning that a fourth offence will incur result in exclusion from the competition.
46.    How much time is a fencer allowed between consecutive bouts in a pool? (o16)
  5 minutes.
  S/he is not allowed a rest but must continue.
  3 minutes.
47.    How much time is a fencer allowed between consecutive bouts in the direct elimination? (o26)
  10 minutes.
  5 minutes.
  1 minute.
48.    In the BFA Guidelines on Safety in Fencing for Fencers, Coaches, Referees, Clubs and Competition Organisers booklet what is the minimum distance between the edges of adjacent pistes on the side where the referees will preside?
  1.5 metres.
  2.5 metres but may be less if the referee is wearing a mask or goggles.
  2.5 metres.
49.    In the BFA Guidelines on Safety in Fencing for Fencers, Coaches, Referees, Clubs and Competition Organisers booklet what is the minimum distance between the edges of adjacent pistes on the side where unattended sets of electrical apparatus are placed?
  1.5 metres.
  1.0 metre.
  2.5 metres.
50.    When may a referee's decision on a point of fact be protested? (t122)
  Never.
  When the referee abstains.
  When the referee is incompetent.

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